House Robber III

The thief has found himself a new place for his thievery again. There is only one entrance to this area, called the "root." Besides the root, each house has one and only one parent house. After a tour, the smart thief realized that "all houses in this place forms a binary tree". It will automatically contact the police if two directly-linked houses were broken into on the same night.

Determine the maximum amount of money the thief can rob tonight without alerting the police.

Example 1:
3
/ \
2 3
\ \
3 1
Maximum amount of money the thief can rob = 3 + 3 + 1 = 7.
Example 2:
3
/ \
4 5
/ \ \
1 3 1
Maximum amount of money the thief can rob = 4 + 5 = 9.

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